Over the last three decades humanitarian actors have made significant steps towards disaster response activities that are more inclusive. This study, commissioned by Humanitarian Partnership Agreement (HPA) agencies, examines inclusive humanitarian practice by five participating agencies (CARE, Caritas, Oxfam, Plan International and World Vision). It takes a look behind the policy commitments and known gaps to explore practice at a programmatic level: What are agencies doing? What are they not doing and why not? What could they do more of, and better, to strengthen inclusion?