China’s global aid program is evolving and expanding prompting considerable interest from the international humanitarian sector. Much attention has been paid to developments in Chinese aid. Most work examines the geopolitical, development aid and security policy angles, rather than the operational and policy implications for humanitarian aid. There is less understanding of how Chinese and traditional actors can engage on humanitarian reform. This practice paper aims to address that gap, as part of the Humanitarian Horizons research program, which seeks to stimulate discussion and inform practice.