This report, ‘Shifting the System: The journey towards humanitarian reform in Indonesia,’ explores the evolution of the humanitarian system in Indonesia. It examines key events and turning points in the country’s progression towards locally led disaster management and humanitarian action. The report reviews national and international responses to major disasters in Indonesia over the past 20 years, examining the impact of global and regional developments alongside national reform and demonstrating the increasing role and increasing need of local actors. The report is based on a literature review of secondary sources, including academic literature and grey literature such as research reports, response evaluations, humanitarian response plans (HRPs), situation reports, government legislation and national, regional and global policy frameworks. This literature review was additionally supplemented by news articles, blogs and findings from Blueprint Phase 1.